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Цари и «цари»: власть индивида и проблемы реконструкции политической истории Британии рубежа эр

Барышников Антон Ералыевич

История Британии I в. до н.э. – I в. н.э. представляет собой период масштабных перемен, затронувших все сферы жизни островных сообществ. В политическом смысле это время развития феномена индивидуальной власти (прежде всего царской), эволюции форм политической организации, появления царств и династий. В данной статье рассматриваются проблемы, возникающие при попытках реконструкции политической истории острова рубежа эр, обсуждаются возможные перспективы и направления дальнейших исследований. Особое внимание уделяется терминологии, используемой античными авторами и современными исследователями для обозначения индивидов, сосредоточивших в своих руках большой объем власти в бриттских сообществах.

Ключевые слова: цари, царская власть, римская Британия, поздний железный век Британии

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