The paper presents a critical analysis of L.L. Kofanov’s conception of Roman jurists of the Republican period. Kofanov proves that republican jurists were most active and influential public figures, always hanging around at people’s gatherings, authoritative orators, whose common opinion helped to maintain peace and accord in the civic community. The author of this paper considers such view to be one-sided and, as a whole, erroneous. In his opinion, this view finds no support in the sources and disagrees with the achievements of modern scholarship.