The author presents the following reconstruction of the events connected with the notorious trial of P. Rutilus Rufus. The latter went to Asia together with Q. Mucius Scaevola in 94 BC and returned in 93 BC. In the same year or in the year that followed he was convicted on false charges made not only by publicans (as is generally assumed), but also – and, perhaps, mainly – by influential senators, the consulares M. Aemilius Scaurus, C. Marius and Man. Aquilius. The trial was a significant event, a consularis being convicted for the first time ever since 103 BC, but it did not lead to any changes, nor was it the cause of Drusus’ bill on judicial reform, as Kallet-Marx reasonably argues. Still, Rutilius’ trial left a distinctive mark in the Greek and Roman tradition (mainly due to Cicero’s efforts, but also presumably to his own, considering his memoirs).