Войти Русский | English

(Re-) Locating Greek and Roman Cities along the Northern Coast of Kolchis. Part II. Following Arrian’s Periplousfrom Phasis to Sebastopolis

Coşkun Altay

After the first part of this study has argued to look for ancient Dioskourias near Ochamchire Harbour based on a broad literary tradition (especially Eratosthenes, Timosthenes, Strabo, Pliny, Pomponius Mela and Claudius Ptolemy), the present second part will focus on ancient periplous literature and itineraries, most of all Arrian of Nikomedeia and the Tabula Peutingeriana. After reflecting on distances given in stades, I shall try to measure out the various sections on the way from Phasis to Sebastopolis and beyond to Herakleion. A complementary approach will try to disentangle the literary tradition from Eratosthenes to Arrian, to convey a better sense of how the transmitted numbers came about. Both approaches will support my approximate location of Phasis, Gyenos, Dioskourias, Sebastopolis, Pityous, and Herakleion, besides providing some clues of how the ancient riverscape has changed.

Ключевые слова: Arrian, Periplus Maris Euxini, Charies, Dioskourias, Eratosthenes, Gyenos, Kolchian rivers, Phasis, Sebastopolis, stadion, Tabula Peutingeriana
Библиография:

Arnaud, P. 2005: Les routes de la navigation antique. Itinéraires en Méditerranée. Paris.

Bäbler Nesselrath, B. 1999: [Rev.] G.R. Tsetskhladze, Die Griechen in der Kolchis (historisch-archäologischer Abriß), Amsterdam 1998. Göttinger Forum für Altertumswissenschaft 2, 1057–1069.

Bauslaugh, R.A. 1979: The text of Thucydides IV 8.6 and the South channel at Pylos. Journal of Hellenic Studies 99, 1–6.

Belfiore, S. (a cura di) 2009: Il Periplo del Ponto Eusino di Arriano e altri testi sul Mar Nero e il Bosforo. Spazio geografico, mito e dominio ai confine dell’ Impero Romano. Venezia.

Bolikhovskaya, N.S., Porotov, А.V., Richards, K., Kaitamba, M.D., Faustov, S.S., Korotaev, V.N. 2018: Detailed reconstructions of Holocene climate and environmental changes in the Taman Peninsula (Kuban River delta region) and their correlation with rapid sea-level fluctuations of the Black Sea. Quaternary International 465, 22–36.

Braund, D. 1994: Georgia in Antiquity: A History of Colchis and Transcaucasian Iberia, 550 BC–AD 562. Oxford–New York.

Braund, D., Sinclair, T. 1997/2000: Pontus-Phasis. In: R.J.A. Talbert (ed.), Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton (NJ), 1226–1242.

Counillon, P. 2004: Pseudo-Skylax: le périple du Ponte Euxin. Paris.

Dan, A. 2014: Xenophon’s Anabasis and the common Greek mental modelling of spaces. In: K. Geus, M. Thiering (eds.), Features of Common Sense Geography. Implicit Knowledge Structures in Ancient Geographical Texts. Münster, 157–198.

Dan, A. 2016: The rivers called Phasis. Ancient West & East 15, 245–277.

Diller, A. 1952: The Tradition of the Minor Greek Geographers, with a New Text of the Periplus of the Euxine Sea. Lancaster (PA).

Gabelia, A.N. 2003: Dioscurias. In: D.V. Grammenos, E.K. Petropoulos (eds.), Ancient Greek Colonies in the Black Sea. Vol. II. Thessaloniki, 1215–1265.

Gamkrelidze, G.A. 1992: Hydroarchaeology in the Georgian Republic (the Colchian littoral). International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 21/2, 101–109.

Geus, K., Guckelsberger, K. 2017: Measurement data in Strabo’s Geography. In: D. Dueck (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Strabo. Abingdon–London–New York, 165–177.

Hornblower, S., Spawforth, A. (eds.) 2003: The Oxford Classical Dictionary. 3 rd rev. ed. Oxford.

Laermanns, H., Kelterbaum, D., May, S.M., Elashvili, M., Opitz, S., Hülle, D., Rolkens, J., Verheul, J., Riedesel, S., Brückner, H. 2018: Mid- to late holocene landscape changes in the Rioni Delta area (Kolkheti lowlands, W. Georgia). Quaternary International 465, 85–98.

Liddle, A. (ed.) 2003: Arrian. Periplus Ponti Euxini. London.

Lordkipanidze, O. 1996: Das alte Georgien (Kolchis und Iberien) in Strabons Geographie. Neue Scholien. Deutsch von N. Begiaschwili. Amsterdam.

Lordkipanidze, O. 2000: Phasis. The River and the City in Colchis. Stuttgart.

Lordkipanidze, O.D. 2003: Phasis. In: D.V. Grammenos, E.K. Petropoulos (eds.), Ancient Greek Colonies in the Black Sea. Vol. II. Thessaloniki, 1297–1329.

Miller, K. 1916: Itinera romana. Römische Reisewege an der Hand der Tabula Peutingeriana. Stuttgart.

Nawotka, K. 2005: [Rev.] O. Lordkipanidze, “Phasis. The River and City in Colchis”. Revue Belge de philologie et d’histoire 83/1, 234–236.

Papuci-Władyka, E. 2018: An essay on recent archaeological research on the Northern Black Sea coast. In: M. Manoledakis, G.R. Tsetskhladze, I. Xydopoulos (eds.), Essays on the Archaeology and Ancient History of the Black Sea Littoral. (Colloquia Antiqua, 18). Leuven–Paris–Bristol, 273–332.

Rémy, B. 1989: Les carrières sénatoriales dans les provinces romaines d’Anatolie au Haut-Empire (31 av. J.-C. – 284 ap. J.-C.) (Pont-Bithynie, Galatie, Cappadoce, Lycie-Pamphylie et Cilicie). Istanbul–Paris.

Roller, D.W. (ed.) 2010: Eratosthenes’ Geography. Fragments Collected and Translated, with Commentary and Additional Material. Princeton (NJ)–Oxford.

Rood, T. 2011: Black Sea variations: Arrian’s “Periplus”. Cambridge Classical Journal 57, 137–163.

Schlotzhauer, U., Žuralev, D., Dan, A., Gehrke, H.-J., Kelterbaum, D., Mommsen, H. 2017: Interdisziplinäre Methoden in der Landschaftsarchäologie und andere archäometrische Untersuchungen am Besipiel der griechischen Kolonisation im Nordpontus. In: V.I. Molodin, S. Hansen (eds.), Multidisciplinary Approach to Archaeology: Recent Achievements and Prospects. Proceedings of the International Symposium (June 22–26, 2015, Novosibirsk). Novosibirsk, 392–404.

Sens, U. 2009: Kulturkontakt an der östlichen Schwarzmeerküste. Langenweißbach.

Silberman, A. (ed.) 1995: Arrien, Périple du Pont-Euxin. Paris.

Stückelberger, A., Graßhoff, G. (Hrsg.) 2006: Ptolemaios, Handbuch der Geographie. Bd. I: Einleitung und Buch 1–4. Bd. II: Buch 5–8 und Indices. Basel.

Tsetskhladze, G.R. 1998: Die Griechen in der Kolchis. Amsterdam.

Tsetskhladze, G.R. 2013: The Greeks in Colchis revisited. Il Mar Nero 8, 293–306.

Tsetskhladze, G.R. 2016: Greeks in the Asiatic Bosporus: new evidence and some thoughts. In: M. Manoledakis (ed.), The Black Sea in the Light of New Archaeological Data and Theoretical Approaches. Proceedings of the 2 nd International Workshop on the Black Sea in Antiquity Held in Thessaloniki, 18–20 September 2015. Oxford, 45–59.

Tsetskhladze, G.R. 2018a: ‘Greek penetration of the Black Sea’: twenty years on. In: M. Manoledakis, G.R. Tsetskhladze, I. Xydopoulos (eds.), Essays on the Archaeology and Ancient History of the Black Sea Littoral. (Colloquia Antiqua, 18). Leuven–Paris–Bristol, 1–64.

Tsetskhladze, G.R. 2018b: The Colchian Black Sea coast: recent discoveries and studies. In: M. Manoledakis, G.R. Tsetskhladze, I. Xydopoulos (eds.), Essays on the Archaeology and Ancient History of the Black Sea Littoral. (Colloquia Antiqua, 18). Leuven–Paris–Bristol, 425–545.

Tsetskhladze, G.R. 2019: Once again about the establishment date of some Greek colonies around the Black Sea. In: G.R. Tsetskhladze, S. Atasoy (eds.), Settlements and Necropoleis of the Black Sea and Its Hinterland in Antiquity. Select Papers from the Third International Conference ‘The Black Sea in Antiquity and Tekkeköy: An Ancient Settlement on the Southern Black Sea Coast’, 27–29 October 2017, Tekkeköy, Samsun. Oxford, 1–41.