Ianus medius (Exchange Market at the Roman Forum in the 1st Century BC – 1st Century AD)

Sayko Mikhail N.

The article deals with the problem of locating the exchange market at the Roman forum. The market existed there in the late republican and early imperial period. It is known that it was located at the fence of the temple of Castor not far from Puteal Libonis and the arch of Ianus medius. The location of the fi rst two is fi rmly established, but there are mutually exclusive hypotheses as to the Ianus medius’ location in the works of some researchers. In the present article on the basis of source analysis the exact place of Ianus medius and the exchange market is fi nally detected.

Keywords: exchange market, Roman bankers, Ianus medius, temple of Castor at the Roman forum
  1. Andreev A.N. 1861: Pamjatniki drevnego Rima. M.
  2. Boruhovich V.G. 1976: V mire antichnyh svitkov. Saratov.
  3. Sajko M.M. 2008: Argentarії, mensarії, nummularії... (Bankіri antichnogo Rimu і їhnі osnovnі operacії) // Pitannja starodavn'oї і seredn'ovіchnoї іstorії, arheologії j etnologії. Zbіrnik naukovih prac'. Chernіvcі, 2 (26), 47–59.
  4. Sajko M.N. 2013: Bankiry goroda Rima v antichnuju jepohu (razmeshhenie obmennyh kontor i delovyh centrov v Gorode // Klio: zhurnal dlja uchenyh. SPb., № 6 (78), 51–58.
  1. Smirnov K.M. 1909: Banki i bankirskij depozit v Rime. Odessa.
  2. Andreau J. 1987: L’espace de la vie financière . Rome // L’Urbs. Espace urbain et histoire. Ier siècle avant J.-C. – IIIe siècle après J.-C. Rome, 157–174.
  3. Andreau J. 1999: Banking and Business in the Roman World. Cambr.
  4. Burchett B.R. 1918: Janus in Roman Life and Cult: a Study in Roman religions. Menasha (WI).
  5. Dennison W. 1908: The Roman Forum as Cicero Saw It // CJ. 3. 8, 318–326.
  6. DeWitt N.W. 1926: Litigation in the Forum in Cicero’s Time // CPh. 21(3), 218–224.
  7. Droysen G. 1886: Allgemeiner historischer Handatlas in sechsundneunzig Karten. Bielefeld–Leipzig.
  8. Jordan H. 1885: Topographie der Stadt Rom im Alterthum. Bd I. 2. Abt. B.
  9. Knapp Ch. 1907: Roman Business Life as Seen in Horace // CJ. 2. 3, 111–122.
  10. Kraut W. 1826: De argentariis et nummulariis commentatio. Gottingae.
  11. Marquardt J. 1884: Römische Staatsverwaltung. Bd II. Das Finanzwesen. 2. Aufl . Lpz.
  12. Platner S.B., Ashby T. 1929: A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. L.
  13. Richter O.1901: Topographie der Stadt Rom. München.
  14. Streuber W.T. 1857: Der Zinsfuss bei den R.mern. Eine historisch-antiquarische Abhandlung. Basel.
  15. Verboven K. 2006: The Professionalism of Financial Intermediation by non-deposit Bankers in Late Republican and Early Imperial Rome // Banks, Loans and Financial Archives in the Ancient World: International Colloquium in Honour of hon. prof. Raymond Bogaert / K. Verboven (ed.). Brussels–Gent, 115–132.
  16. Verboven K. 2008: Faeneratores, Negotiatores and Financial Intermedi ation in the Roman World (late Republic and early Empire) [Online resource]. – Access mode: http://www.academia.edu/1624003/2008
  17. Vielberg M. 1993: Vertumnum Ianumque... spectare. Hor. Epist. 1, 20, 1: ein Motto? // Hermes. 121. 4, 502–504.