The famous tomb from the excavations of An'yang, discovered during the recent years of great archaeological finds in China, is the only known intact royal sepulchre of the Shang/Yin period. It was attributed to Fu-hao, the militant spouse of Wu-ding. The type of entombment and the unearthed artefacts partly confirm and partly contradict and augment the data to be found in «The Historical Records» («Shi ji») by Sima Qian (145-? ВС) and in «The Records of Imperial and Royal Genealogy» («Di wang shi ji») by Huangfu Mi (215-282). The article juxtaposes currently available literary and archaeological data of the time of Wu-ding's rule. The article also touches upon the role of anthropomorphic masks in the Shang culture. The most frequent pictorial motif of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic face-masks can be explained by the ancient custom of ritual killing by decapitation for the purposes of co-interring. The connection of these bronze or jade face-masks with funeral rites can be inferred from the presence of identical images on the sacred axes used for ritual decapitation.