Catalogue of 2nd Century Coins of the Spartokid Dynasty (Hygiaenon, Spartacus, Paerisades)

Frolova N. A.

he author raises some problems connected with coins issued by the Bosporan dynasty of Spartokids in the 2nd с. ВС, namely, by Hygiaenon, Spartocus and Paerisades. Most investigators of coins issued by archon Hygiaenon placed his issues in the middle of the 2nd century ВС (Shkorpil, Oreshnikov, Zograph, Shelov, Karyshkovsky). Stolyarik proposed a new date for Hygiaenon's issues - the first quarter of the 2nd century ВС (Stolyarik, 1988. AJN. P. 65, 67). However, comparative analysis of the typology of Hygiaenon's stater (having two monograms on the reverse) with the results of H. Seyrig's and C. Marinescu's studies of Lysimachus' posthumous staters minted by Byzantium allows to date Hygiaenon's coins to about 160-150 ВС. Spartocus' coinage was known from one didrachm bearing his name, published in 1821 by Kohler whose study was translated into Russian by G. Spassky in 1850. Spartocus' didrachm was dated back to the late 3rd century ВС by Kene (1857), prince Sibirsky (1859), Burachkov (1884) and others, though as early as 1877 A. von Sallet pointed out that the legend of this coin (now preserved in the State Historical Museum of Russia) has lunar С (Table II, fig. 1 b, c, d). Later, accepting von Sallet's observations, Podschiwalow proposed 170 ВС as the date of the coin (1884, 1887, 1888). Another didrachm with Spartocus' name upon it (American Numismatic Society) was published by K. Golenko in 1982 (Golenko, 1982. P. 55 f.) and later republished by Anokhin (1986. № 152) and Stolyarik (2003. P. 82, 83). In its legend E has rectangular shape. Since the shapes of E on the coins differ, they could not be issued at the same time. The question arises as to the authenticity of the second didrachm. Staters with the name of king Paerisades range chronologically from the first decade of the 2nd с. ВС to the 111/110 ВС. The death of Paerisades V marks the end of their issue (Vinogradov, 1987. P. 64 f.). Staters differ in letters and monograms on the reverse. A comprehensive study of this material has not yet been undertaken. The author puts forward a new chronological classification of the staters with Pairisades' name, basing it on the analysis of Lysi-machos' posthumous staters issued by Byzantium and Calchedon.