Political Allegiance of Gaius Ateius Capito, Plebeian Tribune of 55 BC

Lyubimova Olga V.

The article responds to the hypothesis about the collaboration of Gaius Ateius Capito, the plebeian tribune of 55 BC, with Caesar, suggested independently by E. V. Smykov and P. Buongiorno. The political position of Ateius in 55 BC and at later stages of his career is considered, including rather problematic evidence relating to the events of 54 and 52 BC, a censorial note imposed on Ateius in 50 BC, Cicero’s petition in defense of Ateius in 46 BC and the latter’s participation in the Buthrotum land commission in 44 BC. It is concluded that the traditional point of view, according to which Capito was a supporter of Cato in 55 BC and joined Caesar no earlier than 50 BC, is more justified. It is shown that Ateius did not perform any significant services to Caesar, and Ateius’ participation in the land commission should not be regarded as a sign of Caesar’s friendly attitude towards him.

Keywords: Gaius Ateius Capito, Caesar, Crassus, ‘first triumvirate’, optimates, lex Trebonia, auspices, distribution of land, veterans, Buthrotum

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