The Tomb of Lyson and Kallikles was built at the turn of the 3rd and 2nd cent. BC and was used by four generations of an aristocratic family from Mieza in Macedonia. Sparte, the daughter of Lyson (I) and the wife of Euippos, probably her uncle, belonged to the first generation; Stratonike, the daughter of Lyson (II) and the wife of Hippias, was the last known member of that family. The name Sparte is attested in Macedonia only twice and only in this family (LGPN IV s.v. Σπάρτη). We can assume that Lyson (I) participated in the Cleomenean War (229–222 BC) and named his daughter to commemorate the Macedonian’s victory over Sparta (cf. the name Thessalonike, the daughter of Philip II). A man with the same name as that of Stratonike’s husband (Hippias) is attested among the retinue of King Perseus. He was from Beroia, a neighboring city to Mieza. According to LGPN IV, the name Ἱππίας was rare in Macedonia. It is significant that Stratonike was buried in the tomb of her original family, not in the tomb of her husband; this means that for some reason Stratonike had returned home. After the battle of Pydna Hippias, the philos of Perseus, surrendered to the Romans and obviously was deported to Italy in 167 BC along with other members of the Macedonian court elite and their sons over 15 years old. However, their wives, daughters and sons under 15 years of age apparently stayed in Macedonia. If the hypothesis about Stratonike’s husband as a man from the retinue of Perseus is correct, we have a reason for a reconstruction of a wedding alliance between aristocratic families from neighboring Macedonian cities, Mieza and Beroia. We can also trace the fate of the wives of Perseus’ philoi after the deportation of the Macedonian court elite to Italy.
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