Marius, Cinna and the Metelli

Korolenkov Anton V.

The author considers that after the death of Saturninus there was a long-lasting peaceful period in the relations between Marius and the Metelli. The peace was not broken by any hostile undertakings from either side (Marius, for example, did not oppose the return of Mettellus Numidicus from exile openly). That could have been a result of the weakening of both sides and a sober estimate of their own forces. It was only the civil war which broke out in 88 BC that changed the situation. But the plans of revenge (if Marius had ones) were impeded by Cinna’s position. Cinna had fought side by side with Metellus Pius during the Social War and seems to have been on good terms with him. Apparently, that was the reason why Cinna did not take any hostile steps against them.

Keywords: Marius, Cinna, Caecilii Metelli, politics in the Roman Republic, 88–82 BC civil war in Rome, factiones.
  1. Egorov A.B. 1989: Social'no-politicheskaja bor'ba v Rime v 80-e gg. I v. do (K istorii diktatury Sully) // Social'naja bor'ba i politicheskaja ideologija v antichnom mire. L., 108–143.
  2. Korolenkov A.V. 2011: Marij i Antonij: ot druzhby k vrazhde // Istorija i istoriografija zarubezhnogo mira v licah. Vyp. H. Samara.
  3. Livij Tit 1993: Istorija Rima ot osnovanija Goroda. T. III. M.
  4. Mommsen T. 1994: Istorija Rima. T. II. SPb.
  5. Badian E. 1957: Caepio and Norbanus. Notes on the Decade 100–90 B.C. // Historia. 6, 318–346.
  6. Badian E. 1959: Sulla’s Cilician Command // Athenaeum. N.S. 37, 279–303.
  7. Badian E. 1964: Marius and the Nobles // Durham University Journal. 36, 141–154.
  8. Bennett H. 1923: Сinnа and His Times. A Critical and Interpretative Study of Roman History during the Period 87–84 BC. Diss. PhD. Menasha.
  9. Broughton T.R.S. 1951–1952: The Magistrates of the Roman Republic. I–II. N.Y.
  10. Broughton T.R.S. 1991: Candidates Defeated in Roman Elections: Some Ancient Roman «Also-Rans» // TAPA. 81, VI, 1–46.
  11. Brunt P.A. 1988: The Fall of the Roman Republic and Related Essays. Oxf.
  12. Carcopino J. 1947: Sylla ou la monarchie manquée. P.
  13. Carney T.F. 1961: A Biography of Marius. Assen.
  14. Gruen E.S. 1966: Political Prosecutions in the 90’s B.C. // Historia. 15, 32–6
  15. Gruen E.S. 1968: Roman Politics and the Criminal Courts, 149–78 B.C. Cambr. (Mass.).
  16. Hinard F. 1985: Les proscriptions de la Rome républicaine. Rome.
  17. Kallet-Marx R. 1990: The Trial of Rutilius Rufus // Phoenix. 44, 122–139.
  18. Katz B.R. 1976: The Siege of Rome in 87 B.C. // Classical Philology. 71, 328–336.
  19. Kelly G.P. 2006: A History of Exile in the Roman Republic. Cambr.
  20. Lintott A.W. 1994: Political History, 146–95 B.C. // CAH2. IX, 40–103.
  21. Lovano M. 2002: The Age of Cinna. Crucible of Late Republican Rome. Stuttgart.
  22. Luce T.J. 1970: Marius and Mithridatic Command // Historia. 19, 161–194.
  23. Мeier Ch. 1966: Res publica amissa. Eine Studie zu Verfassung und Geschichte der späten römischen Republik. Wiesbaden.
  24. Münzer F. 1899: Caecilius // RE. Bd III. 1203, 1208, 1218–1224, 1229–1230, 1234–1235.
  25. Münzer F. 1901: Cornelius // RE. Bd IV. 1427–1428, 1282–1287.
  26. Nicolet C. L’ordre équestre à l’époque républicaine (312–43 av. J.-C.). T. P.
  27. Passerini A. 1934: Caio Mario come uomo politico // Athenaeum. N.S. XII, 10–44, 109–143, 257–297, 348–380.
  28. Schur W. 1942: Das Zeitalter des Marius und Sulla. Lpz.
  29. Scullard H.H. 2010: From the Gracchi to Nero. A History of Rome from 133 B.C. to A.D. 68. L.–N. Y.
  30. Shatzman I. 1974: Scaurus, Marius and the Metelli: A Prosopographica-Factional Case // Ancient Society. 5, 197–222.
  31. Steidle W. 1958: Sallusts historische Monographien, Themenwahl und Geschichtsbild. Wiesbaden.
  32. Van Ooteghem J. 1964: Caius Marius. Bruxelles.
  33. Van Ooteghem J. 1967: Les Caecilii Metelli de la République. Bruxelles.
  34. Weynand R. 1935: Marius // RE. Splbd VI, 1363–1425.