Kallippa and Beroia

Kuzmin Yuri N.

Among the noble families from Beroia in Macedonia under the Antigonids epigraphic sources attest a family whose representatives bore the names Hippostratos and Kallippos (EKM I. 1, 4–5, 18; 4, 11–12). From Diodorus we know about a certain Kallippa, former concubine (pallakis) of King Perseus; later she lived with Athenaios, an Attalid prince (Diod. 32. 15. 4–5), the youngest brother of kings Eumenes II and Attalos II. It is not known when Kallippa had a relationship with Perseus. It could have been before the marriage of the last Antigonid to the Seleucid princess Laodike (ca 178–177 BC.), during this marriage, or both. Being one of the commanders of the contingent from Pergamon, Athenaios participated in the Third Macedonian War including the battle of Pydna (Liv. 42. 55. 7–8; 42. 56. 5; SEG XXV. 118 = = ISE I. 35, 13–16). The Attalid prince also accompanied Aemilius Paullus on his journey across Greece in 168 or 167 BC. (Liv. 44. 27. 6). The relationship between Athenaios and Kallippa could have begun at this time, shortly after Perseus’ surrender and the fall of the Antigonid monarchy. According to Diodorus, ca 150–149 BC. a certain Macedonian by name of Nikolaos, a friend of Andriskos, who claimed the Macedonian throne, arranged (obviously on the territory of the Attalid Kingdom) for him a meeting with Kallippa. She gave Andriskos the king’s robe and the diadem, a sum of money as well as two slaves (Diod. 32. 15. 4–5). It is quite plausible that Kallippa, who bore an aristocratic name rare for Macedonia (not attested in LGPN IV) and was during her life connected with representatives of two royal dynasties, Antigonids and Attalids, descended from a noble family of Hippostratoi-Kallippoi from Beroia. If this supposition is correct, there appears yet another argument in favour of C.F. Edson’s theory of a close connection of the Antigonid royal house with Beroia.

Keywords: Macedonia, Kallippa, Beroia, Hippostratos-Kallippos, Perseus, Antigonids, Attalids, Andriskos, Athenaios
  1. Kuzmin Ju.N. 2008: Makedonskaja aristokraticheskaja sem'ja iz Beroi // VDI. 3, 152–161.
  2. Kuzmin Ju.N. 2010: Pantavh, syn Balakra iz Beroi, i ego sem'ja // VDI. 3, 135–140.
  3. Kuzmin Ju.N. 2011: Macedonia capta: deportacija makedonskoj voenno-politicheskoj jelity v Italiju v 167 g. do n.je. // Studia historica. 11. M. (v pechati).
  4. Ladynin I.A., Gabelko O.L., Kuz'min Ju.N. 2009: Novaja koncepcija dinasticheskoj istorii jepohi jellinizma. Razmyshlenija po povodu monografii D. Ogdena (Ogden D. Polygamy, Prostitutes and Death. The Hellenistic Dynasties. London–Swansea, 1999) // AMA. 13, 120–148.
  5. Murygina N.F. 1957: Soprotivlenie frakijskih plemen rimskoj agressii i vosstanie Andriska // VDI. 2, 69–84.
  6. Allamani-Souri V., Voutiras E. 1996: New Documents from the Sanctuary of Herakles Kynagidas at Beroia // Inscriptions of Macedonia. Third International Symposium on Macedonia / E. Voutiras (ed.). Thessaloniki, 13–39.
  7. Benecke P.V.M. 1930: The Fall of the Macedonian Monarchy // CAH. VIII, 241–278.
  8. Cardinali G. 1911: Lo Pseudo-Filippo // RFIC. 39, 1–20.
  9. Carney E.D. 2000: Women and Monarchy in Macedonia. Norman (Oklahoma).
  10. Drews R. 1962: Diodorus and His Sources // AJPh. 83. 4, 383–392.
  11. Edson Ch.F. 1934: The Antigonids, Heracles and Beroea // HSCPh. 45, 213–246.
  12. Gauthier Ph.L., Hatzopoulos M.B. 1993: La loi gymnasiarchique de Beroia. Athènes.
  13. Hansen E.V. 1971: The Attalids of Pergamon. Ithaca–New York–London.
  14. Hatzopoulos M.B. 1996: Macedonian Institutions under the Kings. I. A Historical and Epigraphic Study. Athens.
  15. Hatzopoulos M.B. 2003: Quaestiones Macedonicae: lois, décrets et épistates dans les cités macédoniennes // Tekmhvria. 8. Qessalonivkh, 27–60.
  16. Helliesen J.M. 1980: A Note on Laodice Number Twenty // CJ. 75. 4, 295–298.
  17. Helliesen J.M. 1986: Andriscus and the Revolt of the Macedonians, 149–148 B.C. // Ancient Macedonia–IV. Thessaloniki, 307–314 (non vidi).
  18. Hoover O.D. 2000: A Dedication to Aphrodite Epekoos for Demetrius I Soter and his Family // ZPE. 131, 106–110.
  19. Hopp J. 1977: Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der letzten Attaliden. München.
  20. MacKay P.A. 1965: Studies in the History of Republican Macedonia, 168–146 B.C. Diss. Univ. of California, Berkeley.
  21. Meritt B.D. 1936: Greek Inscriptions // Hesperia. 5. 3, 355–430.
  22. Miron D. 2000: Transmitters and Representatives of Power: Royal Women in Ancient Macedonia // AS. 30, 35–52.
  23. Niese B. 1903: Geschichte der griechischen und makedonischen Staaten seit der Schlacht bei Chaeronea. III. Von 188 bis 120 v. Chr. Gotha.
  24. Ogden D. 1999: Polygamy, Prostitutes and Death. The Hellenistic Dynasties. London–Swansea.
  25. Paschidis P. 2006: The Interpenetration of Civic Elites and Court Elite in Macedonia // Rois, cites, necropoles. Institutions, rites et monuments en Macédoine / A.M. Guimier-Sorbets, M.B. Hatzopoulos, Y. Morizot (éds.). Athènes, 251–267.
  26. Rosen K. 1998: Andriskos. Milesische Geschichten und makedonische Geschichte // Alexander der Grosse. Eine Welteroberung und ihr Hintergrund / W. Will (Hrsg.). Bonn, 117–130.
  27. Rubinsohn W.Z. 1988: Macedonian Resistance to Roman Occupation in the Second Half of the Second Century B.C. // Forms of Control and Subordination in Antiquity / T. Yuge, M. Doi (eds.). Leiden etc., 141–158.
  28. Saatsoglou-Paliadeli Ch. 2000: Queenly Appearances at Vergina-Aegae: Old and New Epigraphic and Literary Evidence // AA. 3, 387–403.
  29. Seibert J. 1967: Historische Beiträge zu den Dynastischen Verbindungen in hellenistischer Zeit. Wiesbaden.
  30. Tataki A.B. 1988: Ancient Beroea. Prosopography and Society. Athens.
  31. Tataki A.B. 1998: Macedonians Abroad: a Contribution to the Prosopography of Ancient Macedonia. Athens.
  32. Tataki A.B. 1999: New Elements for the Society of Beroea // Ancient Macedonia–VI. 2. Thessaloniki, 1115–1125.
  33. Tziafalias A., Helly B. 2010: Inscriptions de la Tripolis Perrhébie. Lettres royales de Démétrios II et Antigone Dôsôn // Studi ellenistici. 24, 71–125.
  34. Walbank F.W. 1972: Polybius. Berkeley.
  35. Walbank F.W. 1979: A Historical Commentary on Polybius. III. Oxf.
  36. Wilcken U. 1894: Andriskos (4) // RE. 1, 2141–2143.
  37. Wilcken U. 1896: Athenaios (12) // RE. 2, 2024.